Digital Education in India
Today, little children are watching their favorite cartoons and learning pictorial rhymes on the same device. Education is being imparted to them through flexible and non-intrusive formats. As a consequence, students across all age groups are discovering the joys of learning and having fun while at it. There has been a noticeable shift in the perception of parents and teachers view digital learning too. Today, institutions are making efforts to shift the focus back on students to reinvent the way they learn right throughout their life. India might not have readily adopted education technology but it's heartening to see how a traditional sector like education is using technology as an enabler so far. Today, some cutting-edge technologies are being used to further enhance this sector, while grabbing the attention of entrepreneurs, venture capitalists, corporates and governments.
Here are the factors that are enabling the growth of digital education:
1. Mobile-based learning
Over the past few years, mobile learning has picked up by the populace who have gradually assimilated it in their lives. It has offered students the flexibility to access educational content seamlessly across multiple digital devices like desktops, laptops, tablets and smartphones. The smartphone user base in India continues to increase, in both urban and rural areas. The coming years will witness users accessing most of their educational content through internet powered smartphones in a massive way. Most educational content,
including even online courses, will be optimized entirely for mobile devices.
Video learning has always appealed to students since it closely mirrors the traditional classroom teaching style. Earlier, students watched video lectures as a form of homework and then discussed them during the next class. Over time, this habit brought about a remarkable improvement in their performance, with a noticeable improvement in grades. Video lectures allowed students to learn subject syllabi at their own pace and dedicate time spent in class towards interactions. This will continue to be a trend in the future where students will have access to rich and interactive content, that will be useful for both formal training as well as performance enhancement. The increase in video-based learning on mobile devices will eventually account for 80 per cent of all internet traffic by 2019.
3. Open educational resources
Open digital education resources have commonly been used in distance learning courses. They consist of freely accessible media for learning, teaching and research purposes. They are licensed to be revised and disseminated freely by teachers among students. This allows the latter to gain access to an extensive arrive of study material that is otherwise restricted indigenously.
Open educational resources also facilitate the creation of a flexible environment where teachers can customize educational content for individual sessions or classroom sittings. This is applicable for typical curricular subjects like mathematics, sciences and languages, as well as business and fine arts.
4. Usage of Virtual Reality (VR) and Augmented Reality (AR) for
Virtual Reality and Augmented Reality are already buzzwords in the technology space. Their advent in e-learning has massively impacted the efficiency with which it is offered to students and the way it assesses their performance.
VR allows students using e-learning platforms on mobile devices to directly interact with study material. This keeps their engagement levels high and motivates them to learn more and better. On the other hand, AR facilitates teachers and trainers in performing tasks, they previously haven't or cannot, in a safe environment.
5. Cloud-based technology in education
Improved IT capabilities and enterprise infrastructure at schools are needed to create a successful digital learning experience. While the technology exists in some forms, the real challenge comes in terms of scalability. The biggest advantage of cloud technologies is that they create a centralised repository of knowledge for students and teachers to access. This is taking the student-teacher collaboration beyond traditional classroom interaction. Cloud-based technology in education has become such a phenomenon since it ensures sustained academic learning irrespective of the student’s geographical positioning. Moreover, it ensures that the desired data is centrally available for processing and
deriving deeper insights for a more effective learning experience. Cloud-based
technology also enables educators to boost their reach without making any significant infrastructure spends. This, in turn, benefits end-users by reducing the cost of services, while simultaneously adding value to their education.
6. Personalised and adaptive learning
Learning platforms, softwares and digital devices are together creating countless new ways to modify education. This way, the academic potential, strengths, weaknesses, aptitude and learning pace of every single student is catered to. Precise, mobile and reliable applications are being created to teach students, help them practice their learnings, take assignments and manage their schedules.
Schools are now providing their students with digital devices like desktop computers, laptops and tablets. These devices are aiding them in the teaching process while also helping them understand how students learn and how to enhance their learning process. The 'one size fits all' teaching model is being supplemented by adaptive,personalized learning pedagogies. Going forward, this will be the new trend in formal learning that will enable students to be technologically skilled and equipped for modern workplaces.
7. Two-way conversations in E-Learning
In the traditional classroom seating scenario, students are unable to get the individual attention they need due to time constraints. In contrast, the one-to-one context of learning in digital mediums currently students to learn through videos and chat with an expert. The upcoming 'Learning Management System' will continue the two-way communication model between students and experts. More importantly, it will let students track their coursework progress, identify improvement areas and offer ways to make the most of them.
Through the help of 'Big Data', experts will be able to capture student feedback within the framework of the content provided. With this alone, they'll be able to improvise and enhance their offerings in new ways to further benefit students.
8. Virtual reality and gamification
Do you know that passive teaching methods lead to a concept retention rate of less than 30 percent? On the other hand, participatory techniques generate retention rates of up to 90 percent. Where our traditional education system fails is that we remain largely focused on outworn practices that keep student engagement passive, and retention at the bare minimum. The aforementioned issue is being actively addressed and tackled by technology. Augmented reality, virtual reality, and gamification are giving students an immersive, first-hand experience through graphical simulation, and, thereby, extending the concept of experiential learning. This has the effect of boosting both engagement and
retention, while the use of animation ensures that students understand complicated heories easily. Such technologies are more likely to be a game-changer in time, with visible developments taking place from 2018.